Mitral Valve Repair or Replacement

In these procedures, a surgeon either repairs or replaces a damaged mitral valve in patients who suffer from regurgitation (the back flow of blood) between the atrium and the ventricle that can lead to heart failure. Repair involves the surgeon reconstructing the valve, while replacement involves the surgeon removing the damaged valve and replacing it with a prosthetic or a pig valve. The extent of the damage to the valve determines whether it will be repaired or replaced. In select cases, minimally invasive robotic techniques may be used to repair the valve without a large open incision.